雅思听力技巧之如何定位关键信号词

所属专题:雅思考试  来源:互联网    要点:雅思听力技巧  
编辑点评: 雅思听力语速过快影响听力答题,涂山娱乐:那是你缺少雅思听力技巧,大段的雅思听力不必完全听懂,但是对于一些关键词,关键信息一定要听到,我们称之为关键信号词,在听到这些信号词的时候,答案往往就藏在前后语段里,具体技巧放心,请看正文:

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不少报名2018年雅思考试的考生都吐槽,听力考试越来越难了,语速太快跟不上,听漏很多关键信息。不过小站雅思君觉得还有救,听力语速虽然变快了,如果你能练就快速定位关键词信息能力,你就赢了。下面跟着来了解一下如何快速定位听力关键词。

一、顺序关键词

有一类听力关键词很明显,那就是顺序词,这类词常常出现在雅思听力流程图中,或是描述实验步骤的听力场景中,这些词可称之为Marker words/phrases,这类词出现时语音音调会突然转变,考生在考试的时候应当多加留心。

举例:

first, first of all ,for a start, in the first place, to begin with ...

second, followed by, third ,then , next , previously, before that finally, last, for one thing ,for another, meanwhile, until ,subsequently

Now tell me ... And now (we will) ... Before I move on to ... Next, I’d like to ... Right, so the first thing ... And what about...? Well, that’s about it, except for ... I’d like not to move on to ... One more thing Finally, can you tell us...

二、强调关键词

雅思听力对话中常常会出现一些语气词,这些语气词或短语后面的语段常常就是答案,不过这些词后面的语段也会有同义词替换,在听到这些信号词时,要注意甄别。

举例:

That is, That is to say, I mean, namely, in particular, specially

especially, actually, to be exact, in other words, another way of saying this, Let’s put it this way, equally, etc.

三、转折关键词

雅思听力不要求学生把每个词都听出来,有时语速过快干扰了学生的思考,这时候不要慌,注意听力中的一些转折语气或转折词,这往往隐藏着答案。当听到表示转折或对比的词或短语时,speaker会提供新信息或完全相反的观点,不过类似but一词考试是会弱化的,类似于/b?/, 所以考试时一定要仔细分辨。

强转折: but, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, yet, while, whereas

让步:Although, though, even if, in spite of, despite

对比:by/in contrast, by comparison, as a matter of fact, instead, otherwise

Eg. Most people tend to book twenty-four hours in advance…however, the earliest you book a computer is forty-eight hours before you need it.

题目:Computer can be booked up to ___hours in advance.

如果注意到however一词,可知第一个数字24小时是个陷阱,而正确答案应为48小时。

转折信号词基本上是听力考试中逢考必出现,而且是听力中多次出现的,相信很多考生虽然听力语段没听完整,但很快就能准确识别出转折关系,从而找到正确答案(尤其是选择题)。所以当听到表示转折或对比的词或短语时,考生一 定要集中注意力,因为此时speaker会提供新信息或完全相反的观点,也就是考点所在。需要引起注意的是,but一词考试是会弱化的,类似于/b?/, 所以考试时一定要仔细辨音。

强转折: but, however, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, yet, while, whereas

让步:Although, though, even if, in spite of, despite

对比:by/in contrast, by comparison, as a matter of fact, instead, otherwise

Eg. Most people tend to book twenty-four hours in advance…however, the earliest you book a computer is forty-eight hours before you need it.

题目:Computer can be booked up to ___hours in advance.

如果注意到however一词,可知第一个数字24小时是个陷阱,而正确答案应为48小时。

四、列举关键词

顾名思义,列举路标词是细节描述最常见的信号词,表示对同类事物的列举或上文的补充。也就是说,出现这类词,一定是细节类的内容,比如例子等。在雅思听力考试中,若未听清其前面的内容,也可根据这些路标词推断前文,考生应当灵活对待。

for instance, for example, such as, like, likewise, similarly

in addition to, one more thing, what’s more , furthermore, besides, also, too, as well as, moreover, together with, not only…but also, etc.

五、因果关键词

因果关系关键词很常见,不过考生注意力要集中,在听到因果关系的句子一定要听完整,即因果位置的互换。考生往往未抓住因果中的某一部分而失分,需引起注意。

其后跟“因”的信号词: for, since, for the reason that, because, thanks to, owing to, due to, as a result of, originate from, etc.

其后跟“果”的信号词: As a result, therefore, so, consequently, thus, lead to, result in, trigger, account for, give rise to, bring about, breed, etc.

六、总结关键词

在遇到总结性的句子时,要注意听总结性关键词。总结性关键词一般在听力语段的最后,但这类关键词也同样很关键,也是一个不容忽视的考点。

in short , finally, therefore ,overall ,in summary, thus, on the whole, in brief, to conclude, to sum up, in a nutshell, consequently ,to sum up ,to summarize ,in conclusion

其他注意事项

听力考试中,语段的语音,语调其实也是一种信号,考生在听不清或者听不明白语段意思时,也可以通过语音语调的变化来判断是否有重要信息。比如出现转折前会有停顿,不确定,怀疑时的语气会有上扬。考生在平时的听力练习中也可以尝试精听听力真题,注意辨别听力中的语音语调变化。

以上就是为大家分享的雅思听力中如何辨别听力关键信号词的方法,更多雅思听力相关内容,请持续关注雅思频道。

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